Rudolf then took his own life. In his article The Fateful Days of Mayerling, Clemens M. Gruber claims that Rudolf perished in a drunken altercation. In Gruber's tale, Vetsera's family pushed their way into the lodge, and Rudolf inadvertently shot the baroness with a handgun. One of her family then murdered him.
Other sources claim that Rudolf died from gunshot wounds he received during an attempted robbery of his car. His body was found near the Danube river in Austria. According to these reports, Vetsera survived the shooting but later hanged herself in the same room where they had spent the night together.
Some historians believe that this story is made up by the authors of Rudolf's biography to explain how such a corrupt man could be the father of Maria Anna Victoria, who was born after his death. They claim that there are no records showing that Vetsera was ever imprisoned for theft, so the allegation that she served time is impossible.
In addition, they point out that there were two other women involved in Rudolf's life: Gisela von Thurn und Taxis, whom he married in 1160, and Margareta de la Marck, whom he married in 1166. Neither woman has been identified as Vetsera, but some historians have suggested that they may have been disguises used by Vetsera to escape persecution because of her status as a criminal.
The Mayerling affair is a series of incidents concerning Rudolf, Crown Prince of Austria, and his girlfriend, Mary Freiin von Vetsera, who appear to have made a murder-suicide pact. On January 30, 1889, they were discovered dead at an imperial hunting lodge in Mayerling. The cause of death was reported by one witness as a "violent accident". Another witness said he saw Rudolf shoot Mary first and then himself.
Their bodies showed no signs of violence except for two bullet holes in their heads. A third shot had been fired into the ground not far from their bodies. Police suspected suicide but could come up with no reason why they would want to kill themselves. There were no arguments, disputes or threats between them that anyone knew of. They had both been having an affair for several months with two young officers from the police force - one being Captain Franz Xaver Buderus. According to some reports, Mary's mother believed her to be pregnant with Rudolf's child and thought she could bring about a reconciliation by letting them know she knew about the affair. When she refused his invitation to visit him at the palace, however, she lost contact with them completely.
As soon as news of the tragedy reached Vienna, newspapers across Europe published articles on the incident. Many theories arose as to what really happened at Mayerling but none of them have been proven true.
An autopsy determined that both had shot themselves in the head.
Rudolf was the son of Emperor Franz Josef I and his second wife, Maria Anna of Portugal. He was born in Vienna on April 20, 1845. After completing his education in Austria and Germany, he returned to Austria to take over the throne when his father died in 1889. Mary was the daughter of a wealthy Hungarian landowner who had met Rudolf while she was visiting her aunt, the Empress Elizabeth of Austria. The two began a love affair that led to the creation of two children: a son who survived until age 4 and a daughter who did not survive past infancy.
After the death of his wife, Rudolf continued to see Mary until he broke off their relationship in 1890. She died four years later in a car accident. In 1897, Rudolf married Sophie Chotek of Bohemia. They had one child before divorcing in 1903. In 1905, Rudolf married his second wife, Marie Valerie Zerviginis. They had three children. Rudolf died in Vienna on June 3, 1919 after shooting himself in the chest during an attempt to kill Napoleon III of France.
Suicide and affairs Because his suicide would have denied him a church burial, Rudolf was officially considered to be in a condition of "mental imbalance," and he was buried in the Imperial Crypt (Kapuzinergruft) of the Capuchin Church in Vienna. However, many historians believe that Rudolf killed himself because of the political chaos in Austria at the time of his death.
Suicide Muulhetunaikaarslaap/Gunther von Kluge His name did, however, appear in numerous damning files, and Hitler fired him on August 17, accusing him of collaboration in the July Plot and maybe even of communicating with Allied leaders. Kluge committed suicide the next day, depressed with his military failure and fearing imprisonment. He was 56.
Ivan the Terrible's Stroke/Death Cause In 1584, at the age of fifty-three, Ivan died of a stroke while playing chess with a close friend. His throne was handed down to his middle son, a feeble-minded idiot named Feodor, who died childless in 1598, plunging Russia into a period of lawlessness and disorder known as the "Time of Troubles."
According to some historians, Ivan the Terrible suffered from epilepsy; others believe he was murdered by his sons. Either way, it is safe to say that he experienced many mental and physical problems during his long life.
Ivan the Great was born on January 24, 1472, in Ryazan, Russia. He was the third child of Igor Sr and Anastasia Maliavinchikova. His father was the ruler of Moscow and his mother was the sister of the princely family that ruled Tver. At the time, Moscow was an insignificant town near the Baltic Sea site where Igor Sr. had made a deal with the Tatars to protect their lives.
Igor Sr. wanted his son Vladimir to succeed him but since Vladimir was only eight years old, he appointed his other son, Ivan, as his successor. The boys' uncle Fedor became the new ruler of Tver and Vladimir grew up under his protection. It was here that he learned how to rule and lead men.
When Ivan the Great was twenty-one years old, his father died after a short illness.