Putnam and Proctor disagree over who owns a plot of woods where Proctor gathers his lumber. Putnam says that his grandpa bequeathed the property to him in his will. Putnam becomes enraged and threatens to sue Proctor. When asked why he wants the land, Putnam says it's for his family's future.
Proctor argues that the will is not valid because Putnam's grandfather was blind when he wrote it and could not have given away the land he was supposed to have inherited from his father. Proctor claims that the only way the will can be upheld is if Putnam's siblings are found alive. Otherwise, the land will go to another relative who was not mentioned in the will.
Putnam's siblings are indeed found alive, so the argument holds water and the land stays with Proctor. This shows that justice can be unfair at times.
Overall, Putnam vs. Proctor is a true story that took place in America. It involved two men who disagreed over how their family estate should be divided up after their deaths. One man, Putnam, believed that the land should stay with the family, while the other man, Proctor, thought that it should be sold to make money.
The argument begins with Proctor's intention to collect some lumber. He has some land that he purchased from Francis Nurse. Putnam claims ownership of the property and says his grandpa bequeathed it to him in his will. However, Putnam's grandfather had two wives and they had children from these marriages. Thus, Putnam is only entitled to a one-third interest in the land. The rest belongs to Proctor since he is only able to claim title to one-third of his grandfather's estate.
Now, Putnam wants to cut the timber on this land without Proctor's permission. Putnam believes that since he owns only a small portion of the land, then he can do whatever he wants with it. But, Proctor thinks otherwise and argues that the land should not be chopped down without his approval. A fight breaks out and during the brawl, Putnam gets injured and is taken to the hospital where he dies.
After Putnam's death, the people in town vote on whether or not they want the law to change so that future owners of land could not block off access rights for previous owners. Of course, the voters decide that the current system works just fine and there is no need to make any changes. This action makes Proctor very angry and he starts harassing the people in town by throwing stones at their houses, etc.
Thomas Putnam and John Proctor have several disagreements, but one of their key ones in Act 1 is about some lumber that John Proctor has carted from his forest. Putnam, who is preoccupied with acquiring more land throughout the play, says that the wood from which Proctor obtained the wood was truly his. Putnam claims the wood as his own because it would help him build up his estate. However, when Proctor asks him to lend him some money so he can buy food for his children, Putnam refuses him because the loan would burden him too much.
Putnam's main goal is to make money; he wants to expand his estate so he can increase its value. Because of this, he will do anything to get advantage over his competitors. In this case, he uses his power to extort money from poor farmers like John Proctor by threatening to tell their owners that they gave aid to rebels if they didn't pay him off. Putnam believes that by doing this, he will be able to acquire more land and become even richer.
However, despite all of this, Putnam still loves his country. He thinks that America is the best place on earth and wants to see it remain that way. This is why he fights against the British during the American Revolution. He believes that by fighting against Britain, he is helping America stay independent and free.
Putnam also disagrees with John Proctor's idea that they should eat meat on Fridays.
Proctor and Thomas Putnam quarrel about lumber and territory, in addition to Proctor's effort to utilize his power on Reverend Parris. When Proctor begs Giles to assist him in transporting his lumber home, Putnam accuses Proctor of taking his lumber from his property. When Proctor refuses to give back the lumber, the two men fight until they are separated by friends. Later, when William Bolles tries to build a house on land that he believes is his own, Putnam claims it as his own and forces Bolles off the property.
They also quarrel about who is the rightful owner of Tiverton. In 1637, Proctor buys an estate from John Alden and Abraham Whipple for $12,000. Putnam believes that this proves that Proctor is the owner of Tiverton and sells his own estate to avoid conflict with Proctor. However, after Putnam's death, his son Thomas disputes Proctor's claim to the property and fights him for possession. The court decides in favor of Proctor because Putnam did not inherit the property and gave no evidence of ownership. After the decision, Proctor offers to let Thomas Putnam live in his house until he can find another place to live but Thomas rejects the offer.
In addition to these conflicts, there is also conflict between Proctor and Reverend Parris over religion.
Putnam, Proctor, and Giles Corey disagree with Parris over his compensation and expectations as Salem's preacher. Putnam accuses Proctor of taking wood from his property, but Proctor claims he purchased the land from Goody Nurse's husband five months previously. Putnam then threatens to have Proctor arrested for theft if he does not return the wood, but Proctor refuses.
Giles Corey is accused by Putnam of imprisoning and torturing him while he was under Goody Nurse's care. He denies this allegation and says that he only protected Putnam from Nurse's abuse when she would have killed him too.
Parris argues with the church members about who is responsible for Nurse's witchcraft. They decide that she must be punished so they vote to have her body hung up by her heels in front of the town gate. When she falls down, they will know that she has been taken away by Satan himself.
After Parris leaves, the church decides that since Nurse is gone they may as well have some fun. So they go to Putnam's house and demand money. When he refuses, they beat him up and tie him up like Nurse was tied up. Then they go to Proctor's house same thing happens to him. Finally, Giles Corey goes to Prutner's store to buy food for his family but instead gets drunk with the rest of them.