Choral music is performed by a chorus, with two or more voices allocated to each part. Choral music is invariably polyphonic, with two or more autonomous vocal lines. It's been used in church music for a long time in Europe. In the 14th century, it became popular among composers in France and Germany. During the 16th century, it came to the United States. The term "chorale" is derived from the word "choir."
In addition to being polyphonic, choral music must also be homophonic or contrapuntal. This means that it contains two or more melodies which interact with each other through counterpoint (the writing out of parallel notes). A simple example would be two sopranos and a tenor singing passages that go up and down the scale together. Another example would be two parts singing simultaneously but with different pitches, like altos and basses. This creates a rich texture that would be impossible to reproduce with just one voice.
Finally, choral music must include instruction. The words must tell us what to sing at any given moment; this is called a "text." The text could be a psalm, a poem, or a prose passage. It could even be an excerpt from a larger work such as a symphony!
Choral music is music composed for and performed by a chorus. A choral piece's many parts are sung by two or more voices. Because the size of a chorus varies, so does the structure of a choral piece. The simplest form is a cantata (kahn-tah-ta), which is divided into an introduction, four movements, and a conclusion. A longer work might have a prologue and epilogue as well.
The word "chorus" comes from khrōos, the Greek word for "wreath." This refers to the ritual use of wreaths by ancient Greeks in honor of their gods.
In modern usage, "chorale" means a short musical setting of a Lutheran hymn, while "chorale song" is a generic term for a popular song based on a religious theme or text.
The term "mass" is used for a large-scale work written for choir and orchestra or for solo voice with instruments. A mass is not a sinfonia, which is a separate category of orchestral composition. A mass can be described as a symphonic poem because it uses a structured form and exhibits dramatic tension through contrapuntal writing for multiple voices.
The term "anthem" is used for a short choral work that has become popular through its inclusion in oratorios by Handel and Bruckner. These pieces are usually based on existing songs, but sometimes the composer will write one especially for this purpose.
Why do we need a new anthem? There are several reasons why it is needed now more than ever before. For one thing, many people today are not even aware of the existence of anthems. They think all music should be fun to listen to, and anything serious or solemn seems alien to them. But the anthems of old had some very profound things to say about God and humanity that help us understand life today. It's time they were heard again.
Secondly, many churches are small and often have limited financial resources. Anthems can be expensive to produce and there are many factors involved in deciding who will perform them. Choirs need singers who can pay their fees so that they can retain the services of the musicians required. Sometimes people may want to donate money towards the cost of an anthem but aren't sure how this could help them feel closer to God.
A composition can be prepared for as few as a dozen singers or for a large enough ensemble...
Choral music has been popular since the early days of Christianity when groups of monks and nuns began to sing sacred songs in order to pray for their communities and themselves. Over time, these monastic choirs became important elements in the development of music theory and practice. They also played an essential role in the dissemination of new music. In fact, the first printed music was created for use by monastic choirs.
Through the ages, choral music has been a major influence on all other types of music. The great composers have often chosen to work within the framework of a chorus: Bach, Mozart, Beethoven, Mahler, Bernstein, Copland, and Britten were just a few of the many famous names associated with choral music.
The term "choral music" may cause confusion because it is sometimes used to describe music that is performed by a group of singers but which doesn't involve any choir (or at least not an organized one) such as opera or oratorio.
A choir (/'[email protected]/; also known as a chorale or chorus) is a vocal group. Choral music, on the other hand, is music composed particularly for such an ensemble to perform. Choirs may play music from the classical music repertory, which dates from the Middle Ages to the present day, or music from the popular music repertoire. They may be ensembles of men, women, or mixed voices, and they often sing sacred music, but they may also sing secular music. A choir usually consists of between five and fifty singers.
Choral music has a very long history, dating back at least as far as the fifth century BC. It was in that period that Greece invented an instrument called the "kithara" for use by choirs. The kithara had two strings played with a plectrum (pick), one string for each voice of the choir. It was this instrument that inspired composers to write music for multiple parts.
In the early medieval era, groups of singers gathered in churches to chant Psalms and other Christian songs. These were the first choirs, and they helped spread news about royal victories and other important events. During this time, monks were writing musical notation for church services, which is how we get the first examples of polyphonic music. By the 11th century, choirs were a common feature of European cathedrals. They still are today: many Catholic churches have a choir that sings during service Sundays and holidays.