Emmanuel Goldstein is a fictitious character in George Orwell's dystopian novel Nineteen Eighty-Four, published in 1949. He is the primary antagonist of the state, according to the Party of Totalitarian Oceania. The role was created with the intention that it would be "a figure around which something more than a mere hero could be built".
Goldstein is a philosophy professor who leads an underground sexual revolution at a time when Big Brother is known as "Omega", and human beings are considered by the Party to be only equal to animals in dignity and privilege. According to Orwell, Goldstein represents "the ultimate evil" against which the party fights. As well as being a traitor, he is also described as a "heretic" and "an enemy of society".
Orwell originally named the character "Eric Blair", after himself, but this was changed before publication. Blair was an alias used by Winston Smith, the protagonist of the book.
Nineteen Eighty-Four has been described as "the most significant political novel of the 20th century". It has been cited as an influence on many subsequent works, including Anthony Burgess' 1962 novel A Clockwork Orange and Stanley Kubrick's 1971 film adaptation of the same name.
Goldstein says that the early defections were caused by personal differences, but also admits that some may have been motivated by malice toward Lincoln.
The first major breach in party loyalty occurred when Lewis Cass, the Democratic candidate for president in 1848, joined the Whigs. Before this time, most candidates had remained within their parties, but after seeing how successful the Whigs were, others began to follow suit. The Democrats then decided to replace their failing candidate with Zachary Taylor, who was well-liked by voters and expected to do well in the election, but ended up losing to the Whig Henry Clay.
Another major incident took place in 1890 when Benjamin Harrison, the Democratic nominee for president, did not endorse his party's candidate for governor, thereby breaking with tradition. This allowed James Weaver to win the election as a "clean slate" -- he was not associated with any political party.
In both cases, it was believed that the candidates had done something particularly damaging to their parties' interests. With Cass, this was because he supported the Compromise of 1850, which abolished slavery in areas where it already existed.
19. Goldstein is referred to as "the primary traitor, the first defiler of the Party's purity." What does this mean?
Goldstein betrayed his fellow Jews by working for the enemy -- the Nazis. By doing so, he became an agent of destruction for the Jewish race.
The Party was devoted to bringing about world communism through non-violent means. But when the Nazis came into power, they began enacting their own anti-Semitic laws, and promoting Nazism around the world. This caused a lot of confusion within the Party ranks, since now violence was being used instead of revolution. And when it came time to renew their membership, many people who were once faithful followers withdrew themselves because of Goldstein's actions.
After the war, when the Communists took over China, they too started persecuting the Jews, including sentencing several thousand to death for "anti-Soviet activities". In fact, all Jews across Russia were classified as "counter-revolutionaries" and punished accordingly.
In conclusion, Goldstein was a bad person who committed a terrible crime against humanity. He should not be viewed as a victim but rather as a villain who brought misery upon millions of people.
Screenplay by Hossein Amini, 'Our Kind of Traitor' is based on the real-life story of Iranian diplomat Arshad Khan who passed information to the CIA about Iran's nuclear program.
It was written by Amini along with director Hany Abu-Assad. They are both Lebanese-Syrian filmmakers who have worked together on several projects including the film 'Sheitan' (The Devil). Their latest work is a movie called "Our Kind of Traitor" which tells the story of an Iranian diplomat in Canada who agrees to work for the CIA after being threatened with death if he does not cooperate.
It stars Massoud Abdolmaleki as Arshad Khan and Anatole Taubman as John Casey. It will be released in 2016 by Universal Pictures.